Archaeology and King Tutankhamen. What is an archaeologist?
Get Students to draw what they think archaeologists look like on the living document with their annotations to include terms, objects, outfits and tools and where they might be located ( this is called the living archaeologist document for the rest of the instructions ) Place this sheet in your folder
Arrange these in order of the process followed by archaeologists in a flow diagram located on the living task sheet. ( the boxes under your drawing )
Identify each stage in the top of each of the 5 boxes and write a brief reason what happens at each stage • Survey • Grids • Excavate • Map • Lab
Has anyone heard of the Tutankhamun?
Discuss what you know might already know about the discovery and excavation of Tutankhamun’s tomb in 1922/23 CE. Watch the following video to develop an overview of the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun. ( 3.17 mins)
• ‘The Discovery of KING TUT | The Antechamber’ – The discovery of King Tut – 3:17 - https://bit.ly/3a7lXqI
Online Research task
Examine the photographic evidence Harry Burton took of Tutankhamun’s tomb being excavated, to identify the methods and tools used by Carter’s team.
Respond to the images and annotations attached to each image by documenting as many ideas as possible, prompted by the following resource: RESOURCE 5 – What can we see.
Use this as a guide and create a word document with the same number of boxes. fill in with what you can see in the pictures on the website. Print this out and place in folder
Identify where there is clear evidence of cataloguing in the photographs, consider: • Why would accurate cataloguing be an important aspect of archaeology?
Add the skills and character traits archaeologists need to have around the living image of their archaeologist. ( the first resource with the 5 boxes and drawing of archaeologist which should be in their folders )
Below are some examples of skills and character traits
View the video and read the article below
After watching the video regarding the application of LiDAR technology add additional ideas and learning to their living archaeologist document. ( in their folders)
View the Google Maps image of the Valley of the Kings in Egypt and identify and document challenges this environment would create for archaeology in the past and the present.
• ‘Tomb of Tut Ankh Amun’ – Google Maps (satellite) – https://bit.ly/39X32Pg Consider the following question: • How would this type of mapping technology help archaeologists? Add more information to the grid resource on the nature of the site and additional tools archaeologists could apply. How the excavation might be done more professionally now, 100 years after the discovery of hidden Egyptian tombs such as Tutankhamun’s.
Masking the truth
Resource 6 – Tutankhamun’s mask
In small groups scrutinise the image to create an original interpretation of the 7 points of interest, using no additional research to undertake the ‘What I currently think’ column.
Groups use other available online and physical resources to establish correct historical understandings of the nature of the mask. Cross-checking evidence is critical for building an accurate picture of ancient history.
After appropriate research time watch the following video to cross-check Video resource • ‘The Discovery of KING TUT | The Gold Mask’ – The Discovery of King Tut - 3:43 - https://bit.ly/2PuahEM Tick the final box, or identify the source in an appropriate convention, validating their group research.
A tough job:
Students create a job description in powerpoint, for an archaeologist, addressing how this profession allows historical understanding to exist.
Students need to apply subject specific language where appropriate to shape the nature of this career. Students need to identify and explain the importance of: • Soft skills - character traits, personal skills, qualities • Hard skills - aptitudes, technological awareness, proficiencies, equipment and tools
• Place - locations expected to work in, places you might need to travel to, conditions you might face
• Thinking - type of thinking skills that are valuable in the field and why.
Encourage students to use online resources to detail and elaborate on additional skills and qualities, as needed. They can also include video, pictures and diagrams to help support their information
Include thoughtful responses to the following: • the hardest part of being an archaeologist could be … • to create secondary sources of evidence you will need to be able to … • interpretation of evidence is critical because …
Powerpoint headings - minimum
Skills - hard and soft Locations Thinking skills Questions
Below is an example of the task but for a Paleontologist. ( It does not include the questions part of the assignment )
ARCHEOLOGY TEST This is a copy of the test you will be given Friday week 3. You will not have access to a computer. I suggest you look over it and consider how you might answer the questions.
Interview with an archaeologist. Answer these questions as if you are an archeologist. I have included an example
Why did you decide to become an archaeologist? What do you enjoy about your job? I became an archeologists because i enjoy history and I enjoy working outdoor.
What are some of the negative or bad things about your job as an archaeologist?
How did you become an archaeologist? What subjects did you study at school and what courses did you do at university?
You seem very patient, what other personal skills do you need to do your job?
There is a lot of technical equipment used in your work. You recently did some work with LiDar. Can you explain to me what that is and why it was useful?
You have worked all over the world, what has been your favourite place to work and what kinds of artefacts did you discover there?
What other places in the world would you like to work and why?
You seem like a very busy person, can you describe some of the things you do during the day as an archaeologist?
One of the artefacts you have been studying is Tutankhamen's mask. What can you tell me about this mask ?